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Intest Res > Volume 11(3); 2013 > Article
Intestinal Research 2013;11(3):178-183.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5217/ir.2013.11.3.178    Published online July 30, 2013.
Prevalence, Clinicopathologic Characteristics, and Predictors of Interval Colorectal Cancers in Korean Population
Chang Joon Kim, Yoon Suk Jung, Jung Ho Park, Hong Joo Kim, Yong Kyun Cho, Chong Il Sohn, Woo Kyu Jeon, Byung Ik Kim, Shin Yeong Lee, Hwa Mok Kim, Ki Bae Bang, Dae Sung Lee, Dong Il Park
Department of Internal Medicine, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
한국인 중간암의 유병률, 임상병리학적 특징과 예측인자
김창준, 정윤숙, 박정호, 김홍주, 조용균, 손정일, 전우규, 김병익, 이신영, 김화목, 방기배, 이대성, 박동일
성균관대학교 의과대학 강북삼성병원 내과학교실
Abstract
Background/Aims
A subset of patients may develop colorectal cancer after a colonoscopy that was negative for carcinoma. These missed or de novo developed lesions were termed as interval cancers. Many studies regarding interval cancer have been conducted in Western countries, whereas very limited data are available in Asian populations. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate prevalence, clinicopathologic features, and predictors of interval colorectal cancers in the Korean population. Methods: Interval cancer was defined as a cancer that is diagnosed within 5 years of a negative colonoscopy result. Among the patients who were diagnosed colorectal cancers at Kangbuk Samsung Hospital from January 2007 to April 2012, clinicopathologic characteristics of interval cancers were compared with those of sporadic cancers. Results: Among the 785 patients, 482 responded to telephone calls. Of these, 30 (6.2%) developed interval cancers. Finally, 28 patients who had interval cancers were compared with 415 patients who had sporadic cancers. Interval cancer group was significantly younger and more frequent in the right side colon than sporadic cancer group. There was no differences in sex, tumor size, differentiation, and staging between two groups. In multivariate analysis, young age and right side colon cancer were independent factors associated with an interval cancer. Conclusions: A significant proportion of Korean patients developed interval colorectal cancer, especially at the young age and in the proximal colon. (Intest Res 2013;11:178-183)
Key Words: Colorectal neoplasms, Interval cancer, Colonoscopy
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