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Intest Res > Volume 11(2); 2013 > Article
Intestinal Research 2013;11(2):107-112.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5217/ir.2013.11.2.107    Published online April 30, 2013.
Exposure to Diagnostic Radiation in Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Single Center Study
Jae Wan Lim, Yoon Suk Jung, Jung Ho Park, Hong Joo Kim, Yong Kyun Cho, Chong Il Sohn, Woo Kyu Jeon, Byung Ik Kim, Dong Il Park
Department of Internal Medicine, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
국내 단일 3차 의료기관에서 경험한 염증성 장질환 환자와 진단적 방사선 노출
임재완, 정윤숙, 박정호, 김홍주, 조용균, 손정일, 전우규, 김병익, 박동일
Abstract
Background/Aims
Western studies recently reported that patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are exposed to diagnostic radiation at potentially harmful levels. There is little research, however, on exposure to diagnostic radiation in patients with IBD in Asian areas. The present study assessed cumulative radiation exposure dose in patients with IBD who were treated at a single-tertiary medical center in Korea and analyzed the factors that increased the exposure dose. Methods: Retrospective investigation was performed of the medical records of the patients who were followed up for 1 year or more in a period from January 2003 through November 2011 at Kangbuk Samsung Hospital. Results: Included in the study were 202 patients with IBD: 80 (39.6%) had Crohn's disease (CD) and 122 (60.4%) had ulcerative colitis (UC). The mean follow-up period was 4.2±2.5 years for CD and 4.3±1.4 years for UC. The mean culmulative effective dose (CED) for CD and UC were 39.7 and 11.0 mSv respectively (P<0.001). In CD, factors associated with increased CED were surgery, history of intravenous steroid treatment, and structuring or penetrating disease. Conclusions: A substantial proportion of IBD patients, especially CD patients, were exposed to significantly harmful amounts of diagnostic radiation, mainly due to computed tomography examination. Efforts should be made to reduced diagnostic medical radiation, especially in patients at risk for increased radiation exposure. (Intest Res 2013;11:107-112)
Key Words: Inflammatory bowel diseases, Crohn disease, Ulcerative colitis, Diagnostic radiation
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