Intestinal Research 2017; 15(3): 311-317  http://dx.doi.org/10.5217/ir.2017.15.3.311
Optimal diagnosis and disease activity monitoring of intestinal Behçet’s disease
Hyun Jung Lee*, Jae Hee Cheon*
Department of Internal Medicine and Institute of Gastroenterology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence to:
Jae Hee Cheon, Department of Internal Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 50-1 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 03722, Korea.  Tel: +82-2-2228-1990, Fax: +82-2-393-6884, E-mail: geniushee@yuhs.ac
Hyun Jung Lee, Department of Internal Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 50-1 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 03722, Korea.  Tel: +82-2-2228-1989, Fax: +82-2-393-6884, E-mail: guswjd@yuhs.ac
*This paper has two corresponding authors. *These authors contributed equally to this study.
Received: December 27, 2016; Revised: January 20, 2017; Accepted: January 23, 2017; Published online: April 25, 2017.
© Korean Association for the Study of Intestinal Diseases. All rights reserved.

Abstract
Intestinal Behçet’s disease (BD), generally accepted as a type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), could be diagnosed when patients with BD have objectively documented gastrointestinal symptoms and intestinal ulcerations. Similar to IBD, intestinal BD has an unpredictable disease course with relapse and remission and is often related to a poor prognosis. However, there is no single gold standard for assessment of the disease activity of intestinal BD, and its diagnosis and management depend heavily on expert opinions. The Korean IBD Study Group recently developed novel diagnostic criteria based on colonoscopy findings and clinical manifestations using a modified Delphi process to overcome drawbacks of previously used consensus for the diagnosis of intestinal BD. In addition, the recently developed disease activity index for intestinal BD, consisting of a relatively simple 8-point index, could also help in determining treatment strategies and monitoring therapeutic responses. In this review, the progress in the diagnosis and disease activity measurement of intestinal BD will be discussed. (Intest Res 2017;15:311-317)
Keywords: Behcet Syndrome; Inflammatory bowel disease; Diagnostic criteria; Disease activity index


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